An automated process has detected links on this page on the local or global blacklist. ministeris 'cabinet minister', burmistras 'mayor', karininkas 'army officer' are practically always men, no feminine form in these appellatives is used. Lithuanian.25 In addition to this opposition there are possible patronymic anthroponyms composed normally of double and sometimes of triple structural additions of diminutive or endearing patronymic suffixes, e.g. In case of a delay in name-giving, a possibility of a "temporary" name is very real, and the names of endearment such as "Tiny", "Dearie", "Sweetie" etc. No pagan religious center in Vilnius nor a pagan priest is ever mentioned in the chronicles of that time. Italian Names & the History of Names - Many links to information on Italian names. (12) Astride Baecklund, Cramoty Velikogo Novgoroda, Stockholm, 1959. #8 - GARCIA: Portuguese form of GARCÍA. 19 and also with the understanding of Miss Þ. Urbanvièiûtë and Miss L. Þièkutë Latvian folk-tales. #3 - MASON m : From an English surname meaning "stoneworker", from an Old French word of Germanic origin (akin to Old English macian "to make"). (20) Z. Urbanavièiûtë and L. Þiðkutë, "Lietuviø pravardës", Kalbotyra XXV] [l] (1975), p. 55. Thus the misspelt Lithuanian morpheme remains semantically obscure, as the examples given above of the morpheme Ky- attest. vardas. XV, pp. Such process implies a change of a name, which process appears best demonstrated by the personal names of the family of Algirdas, ruler of Lithuania in the 14th century. And when Prince Jogaila, the eldest of them, accepted the offer to be King of Poland, he and all his brothers, the Princes of Lithuania, were baptized in the Catholic manner in Cracow in 1386. Knowing their meaning can tell you much about your Medieval Polish ancestors. take mostly the international medium; as a matter of fact it is a Linguist P. Jonikas suggested a term for it, prievardis,23 i.e. 1, h. 3: Thus the Lithuanian anthroponymical material of that time attests to the wide variety of such material, both structurally and semantically. One of the earliest modern records of Kaplan as a family name is that of Abraham Kaplan in 1698. The anthroponym Vincas Juozytis is fully satisfactory for the local (dialectal) and colloquial needs. The anthroponymic research of the pre-Christian Lithuanian giving of a name is a work that has to be continued. Claims have been made that it is a dialectal variant of the surname Morris, originally an English form of the French personal name Maurice , or its … Surnames reference (1) "...visi asmenvardþiai yra kilæ ið bendriniø daiktavardþiø. It comes from an Old English word meaning “metal worker,” and a variation of it results in Luxembourg’s top surname, Schmit. Personal Names, vol. He also attended ceremonies connected with becoming Christian and was baptized in the Roman Catholic manner and given the name of Alexander. 7 E.g., the Lithuanian names Kybartas, Kymantas, Kytautas in their present spelling contain an obscure first stem Ky-, which could have resulted from the misunderstanding of the pronunciation of a Lithuanian name by a non-Lithuanian scribe. cit., vol. (19) P. Jonikas, "Asmenvardþiai ir vietovardþiai", op. Apparently, pavardë started when the term vardas was transferred to mean the Christian name, i.e. Surnames of North Eastern England. If those examples are early enough, then they are bynames rather than inherited surnames. Vigund. Being pre-Christian most of the tales would contain native Latvian names: Cuinis, Kalninð, Krauklis, Kunogins, Parðus, Skridulits etc. aftername and a natural addition. 26 It has to be considered at this point that in opposition to the Christian patronymic derivatives there also are derivatives of the pagan Lithuanian simple (single root) anthroponyms, e.g. Considering broadly the concept of the structure of the Lithuanian ethnic personal names it becomes evident that the Lithuanian anthroponymic structure in general coincides with the structure of the anthroponymy of any other Indo-European ethnic groups, with the only exception being Roman anthroponymy which has a system functioning outside religion. or spelling in the intervening centuries. Literatûros barai, vol. ( LE vol. Of course, the patronymic derivatives could be made in the same way with any other Christian name: Juozas 'Joseph'—Juozaitis, Petras 'Peter' Petraitis, Povilas 'Paul' Povilaitis, Mykolas 'Michael' Mykolaitis, etc. 20 concerning the Lithuanian onomastics (and anthropo-nymics) as being a field still unresearched and its collected material as yet unclassified. And so on. anthroponyms, inherited in the deep past, normally containing a noble meaning; in them was expressed Jonikas, P., Lietuviø bendrinës raðomosios kalbos kûrimasis, Chicago, 1974. The language could have been Latin or German, and the orthography Latin or Gothic. a) The names of the Lithuanian Kings and Princes:Al-girdas, Gediminas, Kæstutis, nation they chose or were given by their father's, King Algirdas's, Court traditional noble national and pagan Lithuanian names: Jogaila, Skirgaila, Karigaila, Kaributas, Lengvenis, Vygantas and Ðvitrigaila. Lithuanian form of MARIUS. XXXIV, 373-390. The case of the christening and holding of the names by the members of the family of Lithuanian King Algirdas becomes a problem, the interpretation of which is given later in the section on King Middle Ages). (Not, however, anthroponymol-ogy asmenvardmokslis as the triple compounds normally are not practiced in Lithuanian). Tauras, etc. There have been reports that the editing of a complete Lithuanian Proper Name Dictionary is in preparation, and the first volume of it is expected, after a long delay. The girl would remain Algirdaitë until her marriage and then would take the name of her husband. Lithuanian farm workers were recruited to work in Scotland by agents who were sent to Lithuania by Scottish coal and iron companies. a person had his vardas when he was christened; the pagan, the pre-Christian Lithuanian national centuries).10 A contrasting procedure is confirmed in the Slavic countries, namely Russia, where the paganisms, including ethnic Slavic names, were strictly forbidden by the Orthodox Christian authorities and consequently the pagan elements perished. I, p. 201 ff. In fact, Queen Julijana, the second wife of Algirdas, had her own Orthodox church and priests in Vilnius and circumstantially all her children were christianized when small. The typical Lithuanian anthroponyms of the monothematic structure: Aldas, Aldonas, Alkis, Arûnas, Audrius, Auksius, Auðrys, Àþuolas, Barutis, Birutis, Bûtis, Bûtys, Dainius, Dalius, Bargas, Daugas, Dobilas, Drasutis, Dþiugintas, Eglë, Eimutis, Eitys, Erèius, Erdenis, Gabija, Gailas, Gailius, Galindas, Gaudrys, Gedila, Gedutis, Geidutis, Geistys, Giedrius, Gintas, Girdenis, Girdys, Girdutis, Girstenis, Gytis, Graþys, Gundas, Indrë, Irtys, Jaunius, Jaunutis,Jovas, Kalnius, Kante-nis, Kastytis, Kæstas, Kæstutis, Kintas, Kintenis, Klausas, Labutis, Labys, Laima, Levas, Liauda, Liepa, Linas, Manèius, Mantas, Mantilas, Marius, Medas, Mëta, Miglius, Milda, Milius, Minas, Mintas, Mirga, Neglis, Neringa, Nerius, Nida, Norys, Pajauta, Pame-das, Radys, Ramintas, Ramûnas, Ramutis, Rasa, Rimas, Rimtas, Rytis, Roþë, Rûta, Rûtenis, Rusnë, Ancestors are from Belarus, Lithuania. The authors selected 2000 entries, lexically and ethmologically explained and equipped with the new material of the feminine anthropo-nyms (masc.-fem. In some instances a grown-up son might be called by the full formal name of his father: Algirdas (not Algirdaitis); no such formality would ever be applied in the case of a grown-up daughter. Bellow you will encounter a list of 100 cool last names for guys. 5. Visos The Prussian anthropo-nyms survived in the personal names of a few escapees and in the anthroponyms transferred to toponyms which have been collected by recent German scholars. The fact is to be accepted that King Vytautas never demonstrated any consideration toward the lexical meaning of his noble pagan name Vytautas, vyd- to see, -taul- nation, nor did he show any consideration regarding the fact that he carried such a name and freely replaced it repeatedly by Christian names. 16. Besides, it has to be determinatively considered as a condition that pagan Lithuania was in general an illiterate country, and the anthroponymical development was functioning exclusively orally. When King Vytautas was in Germany with Queen Ona in 1382, he was baptized and given the German name Wiegund (Vygandas). at what age a person or child would be given a name, or whether the name was changed when a person grew up. (Etymological Dictionary of German Family Names), Adolf Socin, Mittelhochdeutsches Namenbuch. In that time semantically, as it has been shown above, the pavardë 'surname' was normally identical with pravardë 'nickname', and hypothetically the latter term in its usage is as old as the language itself. 1 testo geidžiamosios nuosakos 3 asmuo Sut, BzBkXXI302 žr. (3) ...tai dalis dvikamieniø asmenvardþiø paveldëtø ið þilos senovës, paprastai turëjusiø taurià reikðmæ; jais buvo iðsakomi tëvø linkëjimai naujam ðeimos Alfreds Gaters, a Latvian linguist, in his short article "Die Personennamen in den lettischen Volksmaerchen" (The Personal Names in the Latvian Folk-Tales) Lithuanian surnames have a base which would be Mikalausk for this name. c) The most popular and most frequently used Lithuanian names are the following: Aida, Audrius, Bûtis, Girtas, Dalis, Daudþius, Dobis, Eglë, Eitis, Eitys, Gaidas, Gëdis, Gràþë, Indras, Kæstas, Kintas, Lapas, Linas, Liaudas, Mantas, Milda, Minius, Maþis, Neris, Norius, Putris, Putvis, Rimas, Romas, Rudis, Saulius, Sirtas, Ðarys, Ðviesius, Ðvitrius, Tauèius, Tauras, Tovë, Vitas, Vytas, Þiba, Þilvis, etc., etc. The Teutonic Order, the bearers of the Cross being a military organization and waging a crusading war against pagan Prussia, were gradually defeating the country by annihilating the inhabitants and occupying their lands. Maþvydas, M., Catechismus...; the Chicago edition, 1963. SLOVENIJA - Slovenian Surnames. Most modern surnames derive from medieval bynames, though they have often changed form or spelling in the intervening centuries. Todël ið pravardës visose kalbose yra kilæ- labai daug pavardþiø. Medieval name generator . Some names having acquired an adverse reputation (Jogaila) and the names of derisory or jocular meaning (Traidenis, Sirputa, Svilenis) were never popular and are never included in the generally applicable and used nomenclature. In Belarus and most of the former Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, surnames first appeared during the late Middle Ages. The first wife of King Vytautas, Queen Ona, of the noble Lithuanian family Sudimantas, was married to him in an Orthodox ceremony in 1370. 1 testa: Ponas… testo jumus mylastyvas Mž117. This would complete the introductory notes regarding the theory of the giving of a name in pagan Lithuania and it would indicate P. Jonikas as being under the influence of A. Salys, his senior colleague, both of them following the Indo-European mentality in the process of the giving of a name. Last names weren’t widely used until after the Norman conquest in 1066, but as the country’s population grew, people found it necessary to be more specific when they were talking about somebody else. Surnames of North Eastern England. The following names listed below are selected from point 1 and point 2 above, categories of the anthroponyms which are confirmed by historical documents and which have entered into wide general Lithuanian usage. Vygantas, son of King Algirdas. An exception is a masculine name ending in -us and -ius, in which case the feminine suffix is special -uvienë, Eièius-Eièiuvienë, Eièienë. The Lithuanian vardininkas, kilmininkas, naudininkas etc. Akademia Nauk, 1965-1987). Tell us a bit about the character or person you'd like to name, and we'll suggest up to 100 names that fit his or her background. This Polish surname is derived from the word ‘malina’ which means ‘raspberry.’ Malinowski could also be the toponymic family name of the people belonging to places whose name starts with ‘Malinów,’ which means ‘missing.’ 56. The best studies of surnames and B. Savukynas, (4) and to that selection were added anthroponyms used in part by P. Jonikas in his article in the Lithuanian Encyclopedia. Medieval name generator . b) The names of the persons of the Lithuanian upper class families and of the most prominent individuals: Goðtautas, Karijotas, Manvydas, Liubartas, Tautvilas, Vykintas, Þymantas, etc. trace them back to their origins and give early, dated examples. Petre. Prancisvilcians). You might even find that your Greek ancestry goes beyond Greece by the surname your Greek ancestors adopted. And religion part in the plural vietovardþiai ) structure but a feminine suffix... Suggested a term for it, as the triple compounds normally are not practiced Lithuanian. 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